Status quo and prospect of standardization development of machinery industry

Developmentstatus1.Thedevelopmentofmachineryindustryhasconsolidatedthefoundationofstandardizationwork.Aftermorethan50yearsofdevelopment,themachineryindustryhasformedanindustrialsystemwithcompletecategoriesandconsiderablescaleandcertainlevel.Overtheyears,ithasprovidedalargeamountofequipmentforvariousdepartmentsofthenationaleconomy,whetheritisTheeconomicaggregate,ortheimportantindicatorssuchasexportearningsandemploymentcapacity,allindicatethatthemachineryindustryhasbecomethepillarindustryofChina'snationaleconomy,andshowsthatChinaranksamongtheworld'smajormachineryindustry.2.Standardizationworkpromotesthedevelopmentofmachineryindustry1toprovidespecificationsfortheproductionactivitiesofthemachineryindustry;2buildbridgesforadvancedmanufacturingtechnologyapplications;3toprovidesupportfortheindustrialrestructuringofthemachineryindustry;4createconditionsforthepromotionoftrade;5providingmeansforinternationalcompetition;6toprovidesupportforresourceconservationandcomprehensiveutilization;7standard12603items,including4307nationalstandardsand8296industrystandards;Thereare90standardizationtechnicalcommitteesinthecountry,including76chaptersand24machineryindustries;9TCandSCSecretariatoftheInternationalOrganizationforStandardization:TherearethreeTCSecretariats(ISO/TC1/IEC/TC7,IEC/TC85)andoneSCSecretariat(ISO/TC10/SC6).3,themainproblem1Theoveralllevelislowanddoesnotmeettheneedsofrevitalizingthemachineryindustry.a,thestandardarchitectureisunreasonable;b,thestandardcontentisunreasonable;c,thestandardtechnicalcontentislow;d.Standardupdatesarenottimely.2Lowdegreeofinternationalizationisnotconducivetoimprovinginternationalcompetitivenessa.Theuseofinternationalstandardsandforeignadvancedstandardsislow;b.Theuseofinternationalstandardsandforeignadvancedstandardsisoflowquality;c.Thelevelofsubstantiveparticipationininternationalizationislow.3lowservicecapacity,reducingtheeffectivenessofstandardizationworka.Standardizedservicemeansarebackward,withasingleform,lowlevelofinformationization,andlowefficiency;b.Standardizationservicesarestillintheservicestageofstandardtexts,materialsanddocuments.DevelopmentEnvironment1.Standardizationworkhasbeenincludedintheagendaoftherevitalizationmachineryindustry.SeveralOpinionsonAcceleratingtheRevitalizationofEquipmentManufacturingIndustryproposesthattheroleofstandardizationinrevitalizingtheequipmentmanufacturingindustryshouldbefullyutilized.Improvethelevelofnationalstandards,industrystandardsandcorporatestandards.ImproveChina'sequipmentmanufacturingstandardsystemandcreateconditionsforChina'sequipmentproductstoparticipateininternationalcompetition.2.Standardshavebecomethetechnicalbasisforimprovingtheabilityofindependentinnovation3.Optimizingtheindustrialstructureofthemachineryindustryrequireshighstandards4.Developaresource-savingandenvironment-friendlymachineryindustrytosetclearrequirementsforstandardizationwork5.Economicglobalizationpushesstandardizationtotheforefrontofinternationalcompetition6.StrengtheningstandardizationservicesisanurgentneedtoimprovetheeffectivenessofstandardizationdevelopmentGoals1.GuidingideologyGuidedbyDengXiaopingTheoryandtheimportantthinkingofthe"ThreeRepresents".Wewillcomprehensivelyimplementthescientificdevelopmentconceptandfocusonimprovingthestandardlevelinlinewiththeworkingprincipleof“governmentguidance,marketpromotion,enterprise-oriented,serviceindustry”.Speed​​upstandardupdates.Strengthenstandardizationservices,givefullplaytothefundamentalroleofstandardizationinrevitalizingthemachineryindustry,andenhancetheinternationalcompetitivenessofthemachineryindustry.Contributetovigorouslyrevitalizethemachineryindustryandtakeanewroadtoindustrialization.2.WorkObjectivesThegoalofthestandardizationofthemachineryindustryin2010istoestablishamechanicalindustrystandardsystemthatisinlinewithinternationalstandards,standsoutfromthepoint,andhasareasonablestructure.Theoveralllevelofstandardshasbeensignificantlyimproved.3,themainsigns1Inthemechanicalindustrystandardsystem,digital,networkandintelligentproductstandards,industrialequipmentenergyefficiencystandards,energyconsumptionenergyconsumptionlimitstandards,sewageresourcestandard,materialsavingstandards,safetystandardsratioincreasedsignificantly.2Theproportionofindependentinnovationtechnologyandtransformationtechnologyachievementsinthemachineryindustrystandardhasbeensignificantlyimproved.3Thestandardageingofmajorindustriesinthemachineryindustryiscontrolledwithin5years.4Establishastandardizedservicesystemforthemachineryindustry,andthestandardshavebeeneffectivelyimplementedtomeettherapiddevelopmentneedsofthemachineryindustry.5Theconversionrateofinternationalstandardsinmajorindustriesexceeds70%,andthestandardsforsafety,environmentandapplicableinternationaltradearegraduallysynchronizedwiththedevelopmentofinternationalstandards.6StrivetoundertaketheTCorSCSecretariatoftwointernationalstandardizationorganizations,propose15internationalstandardworkprojects,participateintheformulationof60internationalstandards,andgraduallyimprovethedominantpositioninthef

01-27

2011

Domestic high-efficiency composite cooling equipment has significant performance

Thenational“EleventhFive-Year”keyprojectwithatotalinvestmentof13.4billionyuan–500,000tons/yeargasseparationunitofSinopecYueyang’s10milliontons/yearrefiningandchemicalintegrationproject,adopts9LuoyangLonghuaHeatTransferTechnologyCo.,Ltd.Theresearchanddevelopmentofhigh-efficiencycompositecoolingequipmentsavesequipmentinvestmentof2millionyuanandannualenergysavingof3.168millionkWhcomparedwiththetraditionalaircoolerserieswatercoolerheatexchangescheme.ThepictureshowsthegasseparationplantofYueyangPetrochemical's10milliontons/yearrefiningandchemicalintegrationprojectusinghigh-efficiencycompositecoolingequipment.

01-27

2011

The types and development status of mechanical chemical process pumps

Thechemicalprocesspumpisageneraltermforvariouspumpsinthechemicalproductionprocess.Therearemanyvarietiesofchemicalprocesspumps,whichcanbedividedintovanepumpsaccordingtotheirprincipleofaction,suchascentrifugalpumps,axialflowpumps,mixedflowpumps,partialflowpumps,vortexpumps,etc.;volumetricpumps,suchasreciprocatingpumps(includingplungerpumps,pistons)Pumps,diaphragmpumps,etc.;rotarypumps(includingscrewpumps,liquidringpumpgearpumps,vanepumps,Rootspumps,radialpistonpumps,etc.);othertypesofpumps,suchasjetpumps,electromagneticpumps,waterhammerpumpsWait.Accordingtotheproductionprocessorproductcharacteristics,itcanbedividedintohighpressuremethylaminepump,cryogenicpump,phosphoricacidslurrypumpandsoon.Inchemicalorpetrochemicalproduction,thepumpworksunderhightemperature,lowtemperature(orultralowtemperature),highpressure,flammable,explosive,toxicandcorrosivemedium,andsomearestillhighinletpressure,highlift,highviscosity,smallflow,Workingunderhighcavitationconditionsplacesverystringentrequirementsontheperformanceofchemicalpumps,especiallyforcorrosionresistance,leakage(fortoxicmedia)andwearresistance.Inordertomeetthespecialrequirementsofchemicalproduction,specialchemicalpumpsarealsoproducedinthechemicalindustry,suchasplasticpumps,glasspumps,ceramicpumps,graphitepumps,shieldpumps,magneticpumps,andimpuritypumps.Themediumstobetransportedduringtheproductionofphosphatefertilizermainlyincludephosphaterockslurry,phosphoricacidslurry,variousfiltrates,concentratedphosphoricacidphosphoricacid,concentratedsulfuricacid,dilutesulfuricacidandfluorosilicicacid.Thepumpishighlysusceptibletocorrosionorcorrosionofthemediumandwearandtear.Phosphateslurrypumpisageneraltermforvariouspumpsintheproductionprocessofphosphatefertilizer.Itisarepresentativetypeofstrongcorrosionandwearresistantpump.Intheearlystageofthedevelopmentofphosphatefertilizerindustry,thecommonchemicalcorrosion-resistantpumpshavealifeofonlyoneweek.Therefore,expertsathomeandabroadhavecarriedoutextensiveresearchanddevelopmentonthestructuraldesign,materialtestingandsealingresearchofphosphoricacidslurrypumps.Inthedesignofthephosphorslurrypump,thefirstproblemtobesolvediscorrosionresistanceorcorrosionanderosionwear.Therefore,specialconsiderationshouldbegiventothestructuraldesignandthematchingbetweenthepumpcasingandtheimpeller.Themetalmaterialsusedinforeignphosphateslurrypumpsaredifferentseriesaccordingtothemediumconditions.Domesticmanufacturersandresearchunitshavealsostudiedthecorrosionpropertiesandwearresistanceofvariousmaterials,andcreatedtheirownferriticstainlesssteel,duplexsteel,austeniticstainlesssteelandothermaterialsseries.TherearemanyprofessionalmanufacturersofphosphoricacidslurrypumpsinChina,aswellasChineseAcademyofSciences,universities,designinstitutes,researchinstitutes,etc.,andthelocalizationofphosphateslurrypumpshasbeenbasicallysolved.Amongthelarge,mediumandsmall-scalephosphatecompoundfertilizerproductionprojectsthathavebeenbuiltinChina,thereareabout30to40slurrypumpsforlargeandmedium-sizedinstallations,and20to30slurrypumpsformediumandsmall-sizedplants.Theaveragelifeofeachpumpis6months,andthemarketspaceisrelativelylarge.Inaddition,somelargephosphatefertilizerproductionenterprisesinChinahavejustbeencompletedortheinfrastructureisstillinprogress,andanumberofsmallandmedium-sizedammoniumphosphateexpansionandexpansionprojectshaveprovidedabroadmarketspacefordomesticphosphatefertilizerpumps.

01-27

2011

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