Development Status and Prospect of Machinery Industry Standardization

Release time:

2024-03-22


development status

1. The development of machinery industry has consolidated the foundation of standardization work. After more than 50 years of development, the machinery industry has formed an industrial system with complete categories, considerable scale and a certain level. Over the years, it has provided a lot of equipment for various departments of the national economy. Important indicators such as the total economic volume and the ability to generate foreign exchange and absorb employment indicate that the machinery industry has become a pillar industry of my country's national economy, and shows that China ranks among the world's machinery industry powers.

2, standardization work to promote the development of machinery industry

① Provide specifications for the production activities of the machinery industry;

Building bridges for the application of advanced manufacturing technology;

③ Provide support for the adjustment of the industrial structure of the machinery industry;

④ To create conditions for the promotion of trade;

Provide means for international competition;

Provide support for resource conservation and comprehensive utilization;

⑦ 12603 standards, including 4307 national standards and 8296 industry standards;

⑧ There are 90 standardization technical committees nationwide, including 76 branches and 24 in the machinery industry;

⑨ TC and SC secretariats of the International Organization for Standardization: TC secretariats have 3 (ISO/TC1/IEC/TC7, IEC/TC85) and SC secretariats have 1 (ISO/TC10/SC6).

3. Main problems

① The overall level is low and does not meet the needs of revitalizing the machinery industry.

A, the standard system structure is unreasonable;

B. Unreasonable standard content;

c. Low standard technical content;

D, standard update is not timely.

Low degree of internationalization is not conducive to improving international competitiveness.

A, the use of international standards and foreign advanced standards of low proportion;

B, the use of international standards and foreign advanced standards of low quality;

c. Low standard of substantive participation in internationalization.

Low service capacity reduces the effectiveness of standardization work.

A, standardized service means backward, single form, low degree of information, low efficiency;

B. Standardization services are still at the service stage of standard texts, materials and documents.

development environment

1. Standardization work has been included in the agenda of revitalizing the machinery industry. "Several Opinions on Accelerating the Revitalization of the Equipment Manufacturing Industry" proposed to give full play to the role of standardization in revitalizing the equipment manufacturing industry. Raise the level of national standards, industry standards and corporate standards. Improve the standard system of China's equipment manufacturing industry and create conditions for China's equipment products to participate in international competition.

2. Standards have become the technical basis for improving independent innovation capabilities

3. Optimizing the industrial structure of the machinery industry requires a high level of standards

The development of resource-saving and environment-friendly machinery industry puts forward clear requirements for standardization work.

5. Economic globalization has pushed standardization to the forefront of international competition

Strengthening standardized services is an urgent need to improve the effectiveness of standardization.

Development Goals

1. The guiding ideology is guided by Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of "Three Represents. Fully implement the scientific development concept, and strive to improve the standard level in line with the work policy of "government guidance, market promotion, enterprise-oriented, and service industry. Speed up standard updates. Strengthen standardization services, give full play to the basic role of standardization in the revitalization of the machinery industry, and enhance the international competitiveness of the machinery industry. To vigorously revitalize the machinery industry, take a new road to industrialization to contribute.

The goal of the standardization work of the machinery industry in 2010 is to establish a standard system of the machinery industry that is in line with international standards, stands out from the point and has a reasonable structure, and the overall level of the standard has been significantly improved.

3. Main signs

① The proportion of digital, networked and intelligent product standards, industrial equipment energy efficiency standards, energy consumption quota standards for energy-using products, sewage resource standards, material conservation standards and safety standards in the mechanical industry standard system has increased significantly.

The proportion of independent innovation technology and transformation of scientific and technological achievements in the mechanical industry standard has increased significantly.

The standard age of the main industry of the machinery industry is controlled within 5 years.

The establishment of machinery industry standardization service system, the standard has been effectively implemented, basically meet the needs of the rapid development of machinery industry.

⑤ The conversion rate of international standards in major industries exceeds 70%, and safety, environmental and international trade standards are gradually synchronized with the formulation of international standards.

⑥ Strive to undertake the TC or SC secretariats of 2 more international standardization organizations, propose 15 international standard work projects, participate in 60 international standard-setting work, and gradually improve the leading position in international standard-setting.

⑦ Form a standardization work system with market-oriented, enterprise as the main body, and standardization technical committee as the organizational form, and basically build a standardized service network that uses information technology as a means and operates according to a market-oriented mechanism, and the standardization service capability has been significantly improved.

development focus

1. Key tasks

① Improve the market adaptability of machinery industry standards

a. Focusing on improving the independent innovation capability of the machinery industry, strengthening the formulation of standards for the transformation of independent innovation results;

B. Focusing on the optimization of machinery industry products and industrial structure, increase the formulation of key technical standards for urgent use of high-tech and high value-added products;

c. Updating standards around changes in market demand

d. Focusing on improving the quality, grade and added value of export products of the machinery industry, and upgrading the technical quantity and level of standards;

e. Focusing on the establishment of China's technical trade measures system, speed up the formulation and revision of technical regulations and supporting standards for conformity assessment;

f. Focusing on the development of resource-saving and environment-friendly machinery industry, strengthen the standardization of energy-saving, water-saving, material-saving products and environmental protection equipment;

g. Establish and improve the safety standard system for machinery industry products around safe production.

② Improve the international competitiveness of machinery industry standards

A. actively and effectively adopt international standards and foreign advanced standards, achieve integration with international standards, break through and cross barriers, and create conditions for the machinery industry to participate in international competition;

B. actively and substantively participate in the formulation of international standards, so that the technical requirements and interests of China's machinery industry are more reflected in the international standards;

c. Actively promote the development of standards in the machinery industry that have export advantages, have independent intellectual property rights and can realize industrialization, so as to make them an important part of international standards and ensure their advantages in international competition.

Improve the effectiveness of the standardization of the machinery industry to establish a complete, efficient and accurate. Timely machinery industry standardization information service and technology management platform, improve the efficiency of standardization management, strengthen the publication and distribution of standards, improve the quality of standard training, and actively promote the implementation of standards.

Areas of focus

① Agricultural machinery industry: tractors, tillage, planting and fertilization machinery, water-saving irrigation equipment, plant protection machinery, facility agriculture, complete sets of equipment for deep processing of agricultural and sideline products, harvesting, storage and drying machinery, animal husbandry machinery, and agricultural transportation machinery.

Internal combustion engine industry: small and medium power internal combustion engine, small gasoline engine, oil pump nozzle.

③ Construction machinery industry: earthmoving machinery, road construction and maintenance machinery, intelligent construction machinery, tunnel and underground excavation machinery, drilling machinery, rock drilling machinery, construction machinery parts.

④ Instrumentation industry: industrial automation instrumentation and control systems, electrical instrumentation, scientific instruments, intelligent geodetic instruments, sensors and functional materials, laser technology and products.

⑤ Cultural office equipment industry: photography, copying, film machinery.

⑥ Petrochemical general industry: pumps, fans, compressors, valves, vacuum acquisition and application equipment, filtration and separation machinery, printing machinery, plastic machinery, refrigeration and air conditioning equipment, environmental protection machinery, packaging machinery.

Heavy mining industry: metallurgical equipment, mining machinery, material handling machinery, large castings and forgings.

⑧ Machine tool industry: metal cutting machine tools, special processing machine tools, woodworking machine tools and tools, forging machinery, casting machinery, tools, measuring instruments, abrasives, industrial machinery and electrical systems.

Electrical and electrical industry: large hydropower units, supercritical coal-fired thermal power units, clean coal combustion power generation equipment, large air-cooled generating units, nuclear power equipment, gas-steam combined cycle power generation equipment, fuel cells, renewable energy power generation equipment, AC million volt power transmission and transformation equipment, ± 500kV high voltage DC power transmission and transformation equipment, ± 800kV UHV DC power transmission and transformation equipment, basic electrical materials, main electrical equipment of power transmission and transformation equipment system, coal-fired industrial boilers, high efficiency and energy-saving electrical appliances, intelligent electrical appliances.

⑩ General basic parts industry: rolling bearings, sliding bearings, hydraulic and pneumatic seals, fasteners, pipeline accessories, springs, screen screening and particle sorting methods, molds, gears, powder metallurgy products.

(11) Basic technology and common technology: automation and information technology, product design specifications, manufacturing process specifications, product structure elements, casting, mechanical safety, surface treatment, mechanical vibration and impact, forging, heat treatment, welding, non-destructive testing, product size and geometric technical specifications.

Development measures

1, cultivate the development of standardized market

① Publicity of standardization;

② establish the dominant position of the enterprise;

③ play the role of trade associations;

④ Strengthen the construction of Standardization Technical Committee.

2. Promote standardization reform

Establish a standard innovation mechanism;

② Establish a market mechanism for the revision of standards;

Establish a mechanism for substantive participation in international standardization;

④ Establish a diversified investment mechanism for standardization work.

Improve standardized service levels

Strengthen the construction of standardized service information system;

② Expand the content of standardized service objects;

③ Promote the implementation of standards.

4. Cultivate a high-quality standardized team

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